Family: Bufonidae
True Toads
Back to the Frogs and Toads

American Toad
photo by Jeff Davis
 
   True toads are the rough skinned, "warty," squat-boddied, short-legged amphibians that most people think of when they hear the word "toad."  There are 25 genera and approximately 300 species worldwide.  Examples of true toads occur worldwide except New Guinea, Polynesia, Australia, Madagascar, and Antarctica.  Characteristics of bufonids are the existence of parotoid glands which exude toxins, but the lack of maxillary teeth.

    The genus Bufo is the largest true toad genus, containing over 200 species.  Eighteen species and several subspecies occur in the United States and Canada.  Two species occur in West Virginia.