Smooth Green Snake
Opheodrys vernalis


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                                                           photo by Jeff Humphries
Allegheny Mtn, Pendleton Co., West Virginia  elev. 3,900 ft.
Species DescriptionThis snake may attain a length of up to 22 inches (56 cm).  The back is bright green and the belly is yellowish-white.  It has smooth scales in 15 rows at mid-body.  The only other green snake in the state, the rough green, has keeled scales and a much longer tail than the smooth green.

Habitat Smooth green snakes are usually found in old fields, meadows, and around houses.  They can be found by flipping boards and rocks.

Breeding ActivityMating has been observed in mid to late August.  Between 5 and 11 eggs are deposited in late June to early July under stones or logs.  Hatching probably occurs in August.

Range In West Virginia, the smooth green snake is found mainly at higher elevations.

Comments:  Smooth green snakes are very docile and will rarely, if ever, attempt to bite.  They feed mainly on grasshoppers, crickets, caterpillars, and spiders.