Cave Salamander


 

Cave Salamander (Eurycea lucifuga)

Cave Salamanders are orange to red with distinct blackish spots that cover most of the dorsal surface of the head, body, and tail.  They are about 7 inches long and have slender bodies that are shorter than their tails.

 Cave Salamanders are found in limestone and sandstone caves, usually in the twilight zone.  Prey items consist of invertebrates such as insects, spiders, isopods, mites, earthworms, and snails.

 Eggs are deposited during the autumn on the undersides of rocks or on the sides of rimstone pools.  Eggs hatch in November and larvae transform in 12 to 18 months.

 They have been reported from Pocahontas, Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers, Mercer, and Fayette counties.

 

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