Seal Salamander


 

Seal Salamander (Desmognathus monticola)

Seal Salamanders are 5 to 6 inches long and lack a dorsal stripe.  They have scattered, dark wormlike markings on their back and their belly is uniformly pale gray.  Their tail is compressed and sharply keeled.  Larvae and juveniles are brownish with 4 to 6 pairs of reddish orange spots on the back between the front and hind legs. 

 Seal Salamanders are found in burrows in banks or under rocks, logs, and leaves in and near small streams. 

 In mid-summer, 15 to 20 eggs are attached individually to the undersides of stones in seepages along stream banks.  Females guard the nests.  Eggs hatch by early September and the larval stage lasts 9 to 10 months.

 They probably occur throughout the state with the possible exception of the western counties of Cabell, Jackson, Mason, and Putnam.

 

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