Small-mouthed Salamander

photos courtesy of Zach Loughman


Small-mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum)

Small-mouthed salamanders have stout bodies that can reach about 6 inches in length.  The head and mouth are both proportionately smaller in relation to the body compared to other mole salamanders.  They are black or dark brown and may have numerous bluish gray or silvery-gray lichen-like markings along the sides of the body and tail.

Small-mouthed Salamanders emerge in late winter or early spring and migrate to small, fishless pools that are usually temporarily filled with water.  Breeding occurs in February and March when eggs are deposited singly or in loose clusters on twigs, leaves, and other submerged vegetation.  Eggs hatch in 1 to 2 months and the larval period is about 3 months.

Small-mouthed Salamanders are a species of the western United States.  They reach the most eastern point of their range along the Ohio River in West Virginia.  Specimens have only been found in Mason and Wood counties.


Marshall Herpetology Lab Home | Email Dr. Pauley