Frogs and Toads of West Virginia

Family: Pelobatidae


Eastern Spadefoot


Family: Bufonidae

Eastern American Toad

Fowler's Toad


Family: Hylidae

Eastern Cricket Frog

Blanchard's Cricket Frog

Northern Spring Peeper

Mountain Chorus Frog

Upland Chorus Frog

Gray Treefrogs


Family: Ranidae

American Bullfrog

Northern Green Frog

Northern Leopard Frog

Pickerel Frog

Wood Frog


 

Taxonomy:

Kingdom: Animalia
   Phylum: Chordata
      Class:  Amphibia
         Order:  Anura

There are 14 species of frogs and toads in West Virginia.  They range in size from the tiny Cricket Frog which is only about 1.5 inches long, to the Bullfrog, reaching about 7 inches.  All frogs and toads in West Virginia must lay their eggs in water and there is a tadpole stage which lasts from only a few weeks in Spadefoots  to several years in Bullfrogs and Green Frogs.  Tadpoles are omnivores in general, feeding on plants and microorganisms.  All adult frogs and toads are carnivores, preying mainly on insects.  The larger species may feed on small mammals, snakes, other frogs, and even birds!