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The purpose of this web page is to explain plagiarism through examples and definitions. Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty that you should avoid because it may lead to a failing grade or academic expulsion. The penalties for unintended, or accidental, plagiarism are the same as for intentional planned plagiarism. Like many academic institutions, Marshall University makes use of software that checks if material submitted by students has already been published on the web. Marshall professors are familiar with the published journal literature in their respective field. Since they read multiple student papers, Marshall professors are very good at recognizing recycled papers and professionally prepared and purchased papers. A finding of academic dishonesty is filed in the Office of Academic Affairs and copied to the student’s department and college. Plagiarism is not worth the risk.
The Marshall University plagiarism policy as stated in the Green Book is this:
Plagiarism: Submitting as one's own work or creation any material or an idea wholly or in part created by another. This includes:
Refer to the following examples of the definition of plagiarism. Please note that different disciplines require different citation formats. Students should refer to the recommended format manuals.
Acceptable Direct Quotation
Although surfing is considered a modern pastime, actually it originated hundreds of years ago, as Colliers Encyclopedia (1992) shows: "Surfing was very popular in the Hawaiian Islands when Captain James Cook arrived there in 1778. Only the kings and chiefs were permitted to ride the best boards or use the best surf locations.” (1. pg. 39)
This is acceptable because the original source is cited and the borrowed part is placed in quotes.
Acceptable Paraphrase With Some Quotation
Great surfing contests involved many Hawaiians and the winners received rich prizes. This was taking place "in the Hawaiian Islands when Captain James Cook arrived there in 1778.” (1. pg. 41)
This is acceptable because the original source is cited, and the part that is borrowed word for word is placed in quotation marks.
Surfing was already a sport of kings and commoners when Cook discovered Hawaii in 1778. Hawaiians who excelled in competions could win fame and valuable prizes.(1)
Examples of Plagiarism
Common knowledge refers to facts that are generally know to all or most people. You do not need to cite or document them.
1. Colliers Encyclopedia. Hawaii Vol. 21, 1992.
2. Indiana University. Writing Tutorial Services. Plagiarism: What It Is And How To Recognize And Avoid It. http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
3. Oregon State University. Office of Student Conduct. Academic Dishonesty - Plagiarism. http://oregonstate.edu/admin/studon/plag.htm
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