Marshall University Libraries Information Literacy (IL) Plan

DEFINITION

According to the American Library Association (ALA), "To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy: Final Report. (Chicago: American Library Association, 1989)

IL forms the basis of lifelong learning. Individuals have always needed the ability to locate and evaluate information. However, the uncertain quality and expanding quantity of information present unprecedented challenges to citizens in the 21st Century. Our students are confronted with diverse, abundant information choices of varying levels of quality.

For additional information and a list of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL, a division of the ALA) Information Literacy Standards go to http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency.

GOALS

The overall goal of information literacy instruction is to aid our users in becoming information literate individuals who can articulate their information need, develop strategies to find that information, evaluate the information they found and use it in an effective, ethical manner.

Marshall University Libraries will:

  • Support information literacy through customized library instruction and other instruction types
  • Support information literacy initiatives through technologically based tools (for example online modules, research guides, YouTube videos, podcasts)
  • Communicate and collaborate with campus community
  • Continue to work with Center for Teaching Excellence to offer faculty programs related to information literacy initiatives
  • Support information literacy initiatives through partnership with the Writing Center
  • Advocate for information literacy through a campus-wide presence

ASSESSMENT

Assessment will be conducted in accordance with Online Learning & Libraries, Information Technology and University standards and guidelines.

Marshall University Libraries Information Literacy Rubric (Adapted from the Information Literacy Value Rubric; AAC & U)

Capstone Level (Exemplary) (senior)
Acceptable (sophomore and junior)
Emerging (freshman and sophomore)
Baseline (freshman)

Determines the Nature and Extent of the Information Needed

  • assesses the costs and benefits of acquiring the needed information

Accesses the Needed Information Effectively and Efficiently

  • retrieves (implements a retrieval of) information online or in person using a variety of methods
  • collects and arranges the information and its sources

Individually, or as a Member of a Group, Uses Information Effectively to Accomplish a Specific Purpose

  • determines whether the new knowledge has an impact on the individual's value system and takes steps to integrate6 differences
  • validates understanding and interpretation of the information through discourse with other individuals, subject-area experts, or practitioners

Understands Many of the Economic, Legal, and Social Issues Surrounding the Use of Information and Accesses and Uses Information Ethically and Legally

  • evaluates and applies many of the ethical, legal and socio-economic issues surrounding information and information technology

Determines the Nature and Extent of the Information Needed

  • evaluates and revises the nature and extent of the information need

Accesses the Needed Information Effectively and Efficiently

  • selects the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval systems for accessing the needed information
  • revises the search strategy if necessary.

Individually, or as a Member of a Group, Uses Information Effectively to Accomplish a Specific Purpose

  • synthesizes main ideas to construct new concepts.
  • compares new knowledge with prior knowledge to determine the value added, contradictions, or other unique characteristics of the information

Understands Many of the Economic, Legal, and Social Issues Surrounding the Use of Information and Accesses and Uses Information Ethically and Legally

  • employs laws, regulations, institutional policies, and etiquette related to the access and use of information resources

Determines the Nature and Extent of the Information Needed

  • identifies a variety of types and formats of potential sources for information

Accesses the Needed Information Effectively and Efficiently

  • constructs and implements effectively-designed search strategies

Individually, or as a Member of a Group, Uses Information Effectively to Accomplish a Specific Purpose

  • applies new and prior information to the planning and creation of a particular product or performance

Understands Many of the Economic, Legal, and Social Issues Surrounding the Use of Information and Accesses and Uses Information Ethically and Legally

  • identifies and reports the use of information sources in communicating the product or performance

Determines the Nature and Extent of the Information Needed

  • defines and articulates the need for information

Accesses the Needed Information Effectively and Efficiently

  • (selects and) retrieves (implements a retrieval of) information online or in person using a variety of methods

Individually, or as a Member of a Group, Uses Information Effectively to Accomplish a Specific Purpose

  • applies new and prior information to the planning and creation of a particular product or performance

Understands Many of the Economic, Legal, and Social Issues Surrounding the Use of Information and Accesses and Uses Information Ethically and Legally

  • identifies and reports the use of information sources in communicating the product or performance

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