A degree in mathematics teaches you many facts about mathematics. Equally importantly, it also teaches you how to think critically, analyze problems logically, and create rigorous arguments to back up your positions. These skills are highly sought after by employers in many areas.

- Forbes.com lists mathematician as #3 and statistician as #4 on their Best Jobs For 2015.
- The CareerCast list "The Best Jobs of 2015" lists Mathematician, Statistician, and Actuary as the #3, #4, and #1 jobs, respectively.
- Fortune.com lists a mathematics master's degree as the #8 graduate degree for jobs, and a statistics master's degree as the #9 graduate degree on their list Best and Worst Graduate Degrees for Jobs in 2015. They list a Ph.D. in statistics as the #1 degree for jobs.
- The Telegraph lists Mathematical sciences among the top 12 degree subjects for getting a job
- The 2013 list by Forbes Magazine of "The 10 Skills That Will Get You Hired In 2013" includes mathematics and critical thinking as key skills for in-demand jobs.

Common career paths in mathematics include:

- Teaching at the K-12 or community college level
- University research and teaching
- Actuarial science
- Statistics
- Computer science
- Finance
- Data science

A mathematics major can also be good preparation for a Master's in Business Administration degree.

- The American Mathematical Society (AMS) career page
- Mathematical Association of America (MAA) career page
- Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) career resources
- What does a Statistician do? from the American Statistical Association
- A list of some non-academic mathematicians and the type of math they use in their jobs
- Be an Actuary from the Casualty Actuarial Society