The Department of Mathematics mentors and sponsors undergraduate research. The undergraduate capstone course provides all mathematics majors with the opportunity to work on an individual research project.

Research programs for undergraduates at Marshall include:

- The Differential Analyzer Laboratory, supervised by Dr. Bonita Lawrence, has several ongoing student research projects.
- The Mathematical Biology research group, mentored by Dr. Anna Mummert, is actively studying the spread and control of influenza using discrete mathematical modeling. This research was funded by an NSF mathematical biology research grant.
- Individual student projects can be funded by the Summer Undergraduate Research Experience (SURE) grant program and the NASA West Virginia Space Grant Undergraduate Fellowship Program.

The mathematics department sponsors student travel to research conferences, particularly when students present their work.

Twelve Marshall students attended the 2014 University of Miami (Ohio) research conference. Four students presented their own work: Melinda Bierhals, Tyler Bonnet, Roger Estep, and Robert Hughes.