Credit Card Safety
The fraudulent use of credit cards is not limited to the loss or theft of actual credit cards. A capable criminal only needs to know your credit card number to fraudulently make numerous charges, including cash withdrawals, against your account. The following are a number of crime prevention tips or recommendations to guard against the illegal use of credit cards.
- Photocopy both the front and back of all your credit cards and keep the copies in a safe and secure location. This will enable you to cancel your credit card as soon as possible if they are lost or stolen.
- Endorse all credit cards as soon as they arrive.
- It is advisable not to carry credit cards in your wallet or purse; Carry them separately if possible.
- Carry only the minimum number of credit cards actually needed and never leave them unattended.
- When you write a check, never allow the salesperson to write down your credit card number on the check. If paying by credit card, never let the salesperson write down your driver's license or social security number.
- Avoid signing a blank receipt, whenever possible. Draw a line through blank spaces above them when you sign card receipts.
- Unless you are absolutely confident you are dealing with a reputable company, never give your credit card account number over the telephone.
- Don't be fooled by a scam where a con artist wants to verify your credit card number because you won a prize. One current scam involves a con artist who calls at random. The thief informs the victim that if their VISA card begins with the number four, the victim wins a prize. However, all VISA cards begin with the number four, and all MASTERCARD'S begin with the number five. The only prize the cardholder gets is the fraudulent use of their credit card.
- Notify credit card companies in advance of a change in address.
- Destroy unused credit card applications such as those received in the mail advising the recipient you have been pre-approved for credit.
- Open billing statements promptly and reconcile your card amounts each month, just as you would your checking account.
- If you receive a letter stating you should have received a credit card in the mail, and you have not received it, notify the company or lending institution immediately.
- Beware of vendors calling and attempting to sell merchandise or gifts over the telephone. Don't give them your credit card number.
- Always check catalogues to be sure your credit card number is not on the cover or mail order form. If it is, contact the company and tell them to immediately remove it.
- When you use a credit card to make a purchase, maintain visual contact with the card and make sure no extra imprints of your card are made to other charge slips. Destroy all the carbons so no one can obtain your account number.
- It is a good idea to retain your credit receipts and check them against the monthly billing statement.
- In the event your credit card is lost or stolen, immediately notify the credit card company. Most issuing banks or companies can be reached 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The majority of fraudulent purchases are made within 48 hours of the loss.
- Credit card thieves may sometimes call the victim, inform the person that their credit card has been found and that it is being returned. This ploy gives the thief time to go on a charging spree because the card holder calls to cancel the card.
By virtue of the Fair
Credit Billing Act (FCBA), if you report the loss of a credit
card before it is used, the card issuer cannot hold you
responsible for any unauthorized charges. If a thief uses your
credit card before you report it missing, the most you will owe
for unauthorized charges on each credit card is $50.00.
Report credit card fraud to any one of the three major credit reporting bureaus, and they will contact the other two credit bureaus for you.
To Report Fraud
To Order Your Credit Report
FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION IDENTITY THEFT COMPLAINT HOTLINE AT 1-877-ID THEFT (1-877-438-4338) OR ONLINE AT: www.consumer.gov/idtheft
If you've had checks stolen or bank accounts set up fraudulently in your name, call these check guarantee companies: TELECHECK at 800-366-2425; and the NATIONAL PROCESSING COMPANY at 800-526-5380. They can flag your file so that counterfeit checks will be refused.
If your social security number was used fraudulently, report the
problem to the SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION'S FRAUD HOTLINE at
800-269-0271. In extreme cases of fraud, it may be possible for you
to get a new social security number.