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MAP:  Multi Assessment Program* – A prospective, not a for-cause, on-site review. Scope of a MAP encompasses four areas:

  1. Protection of human subjects during recruitment and participation in research
  2. Welfare of animals in research
  3. Safety of personnel involved with research
  4. Research misconduct

[Note:  There is also a MAP Self-Assessment instrument.]
*Under the auspices of ORCA.

Minimal Risk:  The probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests.  In the case of research involving prisoners as participants, minimal risk is the probability and magnitude of physical or psychological harm that is normally encountered in the daily lives, or in the routine medical, dental, or psychological examination of healthy persons.

Misconduct:  A serious deviation from accepted practice in carrying out research, or in reporting the results of research; or material failure to comply with Federal requirements affecting specific aspects of the conduct of research (e.g., the protection of human subjects and the welfare of laboratory animals).