Several guideline documents have been developed to assist in the proper management of hazardous materials:
- Management of Empty Chemical Containers
- Management of Flammable and Combustible Materials
- Management of Peroxide Forming Chemicals
- 3-part article from the Journal of Chemical Health & Safety - Management of Time-Sensitive Chemicals
All chemical containers must be labeled with the Identity of the Chemical(s) therein and Appropriate Hazards Warnings, in words, pictures, symbols, or a combination thereof which provide all of the hazard information. Labels on containers with mixtures of difference chemicals must indicate the constituents and approximate percentages of each.
Containers of Waste Chemicals must have a completed label. An Unwanted Chemical Label template is available in MS Word.
This label should also be used for chemicals that are no wanted, but that are not “chemical waste” items.
A group of common hazard pictures is available for use in creating appropriate container signage. The common hazard pictures are in a PowerPoint file.
To assist Emergency Responders, the entry door(s) to all rooms and laboratories at Marshall University that house hazardous materials must be labeled with the NFPA Hazardous Materials Diamond. A template for the Hazardous Materials Diamond is available in Word and instructions are provided.
In addition to proper labeling, storage areas should be inspected monthly. Departments generating and/or storing hazardous materials or hazardous wastes should utilize the Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Waste Self-Inspection Form, and submit completed forms to Environmental Health and Safety, or maintain in Department for three (3) years.
The storage of hazardous chemicals is critical to maintaining a safe working and learning environment. Chemicals must be stored according to their chemically compatibility. More information about chemical compatibility and proper storage guidelines is available on the chemical storage page.
Unwanted chemicals must also be stored according to chemical compatibility, and placed only in chemically compatible containers. Cole-Parmer maintains a searchable database for determining container compatibility.
Entities Regulating Hazardous Waste:
The US Environmental Protection Agency regulates hazardous materials through the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). RCRA protects the environment by mandating the safe management and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes.
The EPA breaks down hazardous materials into various lists. Each lists represents a different type of hazard. F and K lists are specific to industrial processes, while the others are more general in nature and apply to all generators.
This Excel spreadsheet lists each of the EPA Hazardous Materials Lists (D, F, K, P, U) and has an additional list of hazardous constituents.
Responsible for protecting workers from unnecessary health hazards, OSHA has established Subpart Z in the General Industry Regulations, 29 CFR 1910. Subpart Z outlines those Toxic and Hazardous Substances that must be properly managed to prevent illness in all employees.
Subpart Z includes over 30 specific chemicals and includes Bloodborne Pathogens, addressed in sections 1910.1000 through 1910.1052. The link above lists all of 29 CFR 1910. Simply scroll down to the specific section for that information.
The US Department of Transportation regulates everything that is shipped on interstate highways. The DOT maintains a Hazardous Materials List, which must be consulted when chemical wastes are offered for transport to a treatment facility.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration maintains a searchable database of Hazardous Chemicals. The site also includes a virtual mixture prediction tool.