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Name: Robert Bickel
Title: Professor
Office: Advanced Educational Studies/COEHS
Phone: 304-525-1030
Expert: Educational Research, Applied Statistics, Policy Analysis

Research Based:
Book Chapters:
Bickel, R. (1982). The Principal and Desegregation: Conventional and Critical Perspectives. In G. Noblit and B. Johnson (Eds.) The Principal and Desegregation.

Bickel, R.(1997). Community, Culture, and Reckless Lives in West Virginia: Why Multiculturalism is Beside the Point. In L. Welch, B. Cleckley, & M. McClure (Eds.) Strategies for Promoting Pluralism in Education and the Workplace (pp. 185-184). Westport, CT: Greenwood. Praeger. Springfieled, IL: 1982

Spatig,L., Bickel, R., and Parrot, L. (1998). Developmentalism meets Standardized TestingóLow Income Children Lose. In J. Ellsworth & L. Ames (Eds.), Critical Prespectives on Project Head Start (pp. 260-290). Albany, NY: SUNY.

Evans, R., Bickel, R., and Pendarvis, E. (2004)Musical Talent: Innate or Acquired? Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers. In E. Zimmerman and S. Reis (Eds.) Artistically and Musically Talented Students. Thousand Oak, CA: Corwin.
Schmidt, W., Bickel, R. Bell, W., and Neu, Elaine (1982) Issues in Public Guardianship. The Urban and Social Change Review, 1982, 15, 15-26.

Papagiannis, G., Klees, S., Bickel, R. Toward a Political Economy of Educational Innovation. (1982), 52, Review of Educational Research.

Milton, S. and Bickel, S. (1982) Competition in Local School Board Elections: Findings in a Partisan Political Environment. Planning and Changing, 12, 148-157.

Bickel,R. and Milton, S. (1982) Teaching by Exemplar: On the Dialectical Nature of the Social Sciences. Theory and Research in Social Education, 11, 53-64.

Bickel, R. and Forsyth-Stevens, Amy (1983) Using Client Case Histories in Evaluating Community Support Programs. (1983) Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 7, 11-21.

Papagiannis, G., BIckcel, R., Fuller, W. (1983) The Social Creation of School Dropouts. Youth and Society, 14,363-392.

Bickel, R, and Milton, S. (1983) The Social Circumstances of Illiteracy: Interpretation and Exchange in a Class-Based Society. The Urban Revieew, 15, 203-215.

Bickel, R. and Chang, M. (1985) Public Schools, Private Schools, and the Common School Ideal. The Urban Review, 1985, 17, 75-97.

Bickel, R. and Chang, M. (1986) Public Schools, Private Schools, and High School Achievement. The High School Journal, 68, 91-106.

Bickel, R. (1986) Student Acceleration: Redefining and Educational Reform. Spectrum, 1986, 4, 14-21.

Bickel, R. (1986) Consequences of the Extended School Day and Upgraded High School Curriculum. Spectrum, 17, 31-44.

Bickel, R. (1986) Achievement and Social Ascription: A Comparison of Public and Private High Schools. Youth and Society, 18, 99-126.

Bickel, R. (1986) Educational Reform and the Equivalence of Schools. Issues in Education, 4: 179-197

Bickel, R. (1987) Practical Limitations of the Input-Output Model for Research and Policymaking. 1, 271-287

Bickel, R. and Robarts, R. (1987) The Progressive Era: Its Ideological Legacy for Education and Its Social Context. Quarterly Review of Ideology, 11, 21-36.

Bickel, R. (1988) Student Acceleration and High School Effectiveness. The High School Journal. 71, 138-147.

Bickel, R. and Papagiannis (1988) Post-High School Dropouts and District-Level Dropout Rates. Youth and Society, 20, 123-147.

Bickel, R. (1988) Post-High School Prospects and High School Completion Rates in and Appalachian State: A Near-Replication of Florida Research. Youth and Society, 21, 61-84

Bickel, R., Milton, S. and Cummings, A. (1989) Technocratic Assumptions and Centralized Control. Educational Policy, 3, 67-77.

Bickel, R. (1989) Opportunity and High School Completion. The Urban Review. 21, 61-84.

Spatig, L. and Bickel, R. (1991)Teaching Social Foundations to Undergraduates: The Importance of Instructor' Formal Training. 5, 65-76

Gibbins, N. and Bickel, R. (1991) Comparing the Effects of Public and Private High Schools Using Three SAT Data Sets. The Urban Review, 23, 101-115.

Bickel, R., Banks, S., and Spatig, L. 1991. Bridging the Gap Between High School and College in an Appalachian State: A Near-Replication of Florida Research. The Journal of Research in Rural Education, 7, 75-87.

Spatig, L. and Bickel, R. (1993) Education for Freedom: A Case Study in Social Foundations. Educational Foundations, 7, 51-64.

Lowe, N. and Bickel, R. (1993) Computer-Assisted Instruction in Appalachia's Post-Secondary Schools. The Journal of Educational Research, 87, 46-52.

Howlely, A., Bickel, R., Ferrell, S., and Leary, P. (1994) Teachers' Values and the Prospects for Instructional Reform. Planning and Changing, 25, 56-74.

Bickel, R., Howley, A., and Ferrell, S. (1994) Teacher Salaries and Educational Policy in West Virginia. Educational Foundations, 25, 56-74.

Bickel, R., Weaver, S., Lange, L., and Williams, T. (1997) Opportunity, Community, and Teen Pregnancy in an Appalachian State. 90, 175-181.

Bickel, R. and Meghan, M. (1997) Opportunity, Community, and Reckless Lives: Social Distress Among Adolescents in West Virginia. The Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless. 6, 29-44.

Bickel, R., Howley, A., & McDonough M. (1997). The Call for Parent Involvement in Rural Communities: Mantra and Mystification. The Journal of Research In Rural Education, 13, 101-107.

Bickel, R. & McDonough, M. (1997). Opportunity, Community, and Reckless Lives: Social Distress Among Adolescents in West Virginia. The Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 6, 29-44.

Bickel, R., Weaver, S., Lange, L., & Williams, T. (1997). Opportunity, community and teen pregnancy in an Appalachian state. The Journal of Educational Research, 90, 175-181.

Bickel, R. & McDonough, M. (1998). No Effects to Fade: Head start in Two West Virginia Counties. Educational Foundations, 12, 69-89.

Bickel, R. & Spatig, L. (1999). Early Achievement Gains and Poverty-Linked Social Distress: The Case of Post-Head Start Transition. The Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 8, 241-254.

Bickel, R., McDonough, M., & Williams, T.(1999). Opportunity, Community and Carly-Adolescent Pregnancy: A Replication of Research with Older Teenaged Girls. Education Foundations, 13, 47-72.

Evans, R., Bickel, R., and Pendarvis, E. (2000) Musical Talent: Innate of Acquired? Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers. Gifted Child Quarterly. 44, 80-90.

Bickel, R., Tomasek, T. and Eagle, T (2000) Top-Down Routinized Reform in Low-Income Rural Schools: NSF's Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative. Education Policy Analysis Archives,8(22).

Bickel, R. and Howley, C. (2000) The Influence of Scale on School Performance: A Multi-Level Extension of the Matthew Principle. Education Policy Analysis Archives 8(22).

Bickel, R., Howley, C., Williams, T. and Glascock, C. (2001) High School Size, Achievement Equity, and Cost: Robust Interaction Effects and Tentative Results. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 9(40).

Bickel, R. and Dufrene, R. (2001) Opportunity, Community, and Crime on School Property: A Quantitative Case Study. 15, 19-39.

Howley, C. and Bickel, R. (2002) Smaller Districts: Closing the Gap for Poor Kids. American School Board Journal, 189, 28-30.

Bickel, R., Smith, Cynthia, and Eagle, T. (2002)Poor Rural Neighborhoods and Early School Achievement. The Journal of Poverty. 6, 89-108.

Bickel, R. and Caitlin, Howley (2003) Math Achievement and the Development of Poor Rural Areas: Effects of Factors Intrinsic to the Modern World. Educational Foundations, 17, 83-105.

Bickel, R., Howley, C. and Maynard, S. (2003) No Child Left Behind in Poor Appalachian Districts: Confronting Contextual Factors in the Modern World. Journal of Appalachian Studies, 9, 321-340.

Bickel, R. and Maynard, A (2004) Group and Interaction Effects with No Child Left Behind. Education Policy Analysis Archives: Gender and Reading in a Poor Appalachian District. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 12(4).

Jones, J., Staats, W., Bickel, R., Bowling, N., Cunningham, M., and Cadle, C. (2004-5) An Evaluation of the Merit Reading Software Program in the Calhoun County (WV) Middle/High School. Journal of Research on Technology in Education. 37, 177-195.

Bickel, R. and DiCasio, N. (2007) The Importance of Core Courses in Students' Satisfaction. Journal of Multidisciplinary Researh, 1(1)

Bickel, R. (2007) Multilevel Analysis for Applied Research: It's Just Regression. New York: Guilford Publications. Also published by New Age International for reduced-cost distribution in Third World countries.

Bickel, R. and Brown, C. (In Press) Is There a Distinctively Voting Appalachian Pattern? Accepted for Publication by The Journal of Appalachian Studies.

Melody, N., MacIlvain, G., and Bickel, R. (In Press) Caffeine Consumption Patterns and Beliefs Among College Freshman. Accepted for Publication by the American Journal of Health Education.

Professional/Community Based Service:
Member of the Editorial Board for the Following Journals:
Education Policy Analysis Archives
Journal of Research in Rural Education

Professional Affiliations:
ACCLAIM Scholar in Rural Education, Ohio University
National Faculty Member, Edvantia, Inc.

Occasional Anonymous Referee:
Education Policy Analysis Archives
Journal of Research in Rural Education
Journal of Appalachian Studies
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Sociology of Education
Alberta Journal of Educational Research
Journal of Multivariate Behavioral Research
Eduational Measurement: Issues and Practice
Journal of School Choice
Guilford Publications
Sage Publications
European Sociological Review

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