Hoffman RC900 .P7 1826
WILLIAM PROUT (1785- 1850)
William Prout was an English physician, who practiced
medicine. He also conducted research into physical chemistry.
In 1827, Prout
became the first scientist to classify the components of food into the
three major divisions of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
He is famous for two discoveries. In medicine, he
identified that hydrochloric acid was found in the stomach juice of man
In science, he developed Proutís Hypothesis, in which
he hypothesized that the hydrogen atom was the only truly fundamental
particle, and that all other elements were only groupings of hydrogen
atoms. His hypothesis remained influential in chemistry throughout the
early 1800s until disproved. In 1920 Ernest Rutherford chose to name a
new particle, the proton, to give credit to Proutís work.
This treatise on diabetes was his first and most
important publication, issued in 1821. It presents his observation on
urinary diseases, including a plate with various types of calculi. This
is the first American edition, published in 1826.
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