PROJECT TITLE: Encoding of Location Information:
Automatic or Effortful?
Memory for events and experiences from our lives is known as
episodic memory. Hasher and Zacks (1979) have suggested that
episodic memory can be divided into two types, memories that
required our attention (effortful) and memories that form
automatically. They further suggested that location information may
be automatically encoded, however, the data on that has not been
completely consistent. In an earlier study, Neal (2004) found
evidence that location of one’s own location was automatically
encoded but there was some suggestion that the memory was not long
lasting. In the proposed study we will test whether one’s own
location and that of other people in a group is automatically
encoded and whether the memory is temporary or relatively permanent.
Automatic processes are supposed to (1) occur without intention or
awareness, (2) are not supposed to improve with attention, (3) and
should not interfere with other mental processes. This experiment
will have an impact on improving the memory’s function and
abilities. It could also impact the forensic psychology field by
increasing credibility of some aspects of eye-witness accounts,
.e.g., the location of a vehicle before and accident.