The funding, which was awarded by the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund through a competitive process, will begin in 2013.
According to McCunn, she and seven undergraduate students will use the funds to study how several specific molecules decompose when they are heated in the absence of oxygen.
McCunn says the results of their research will help shed light on biofuels and the mechanisms for combustion of conventional fossil fuels like petroleum. She and the students are particularly interested in exploring the decomposition of aldehydes, which occur as byproducts in biofuels and can be emitted from biodiesel engines.
To conduct the experiments, McCunn and the students will use an instrument they constructed in her laboratory.
McCunn says her lab is already using the process to study one aldehyde, but the grant will allow them to extend their experiments to include two more.
The grant program funding the project is aimed specifically at involving undergraduates in advanced research activities in preparation for graduate school or employment.
McCunn said, “Research is a really important part of the students’ education. They will learn things in my lab that can’t be taught in a traditional classroom. The hands-on laboratory work teaches them problem-solving skills, perseverance and how to work independently.”
She said another important skill the students will learn from the project is how to explain their research to various audiences.
“I’ll be taking them to scientific meetings where they’ll have the chance to present their work,” she said. “It’s important to be able to explain your research and your findings, because that’s a big part of being a scientist.”
She added that the students will also be participating in events like the annual Undergraduate Research Day at the West Virginia State Capitol, giving them the chance to talk about their work with non-scientists as well.
“Undergraduate Research Day is particularly exciting because the people in our state legislature get a chance to see how engaged our students are and what types of real-world research they are doing at Marshall. It’s also a chance for the students to practice explaining to the general public what their research means,” she added.
McCunn said undergraduate research programs like the one funded through this grant have enhanced Marshall’s Department of Chemistry.
“Because of research opportunities like this, the quality of our students is just getting better and better. We are better as a whole because of undergraduate research,” she said.
Photo: Dr. Laura McCunn, assistant professor of chemistry, has been awarded a grant from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund to do research with the assistance of seven undergraduate students. Photo by Rick Haye.