Species Description: Worm snakes attain a length of about 12 inches (30 cm). They are uniformly brown above with a pinkish ventral surface. They have a tiny head and tail with a sharp spine on the tip of it. They are very shy and, when picked up, will only try to burrow and hide themselves.
Eastern Worm Snake
Home Back to the Snakes
photo by Jeff Humphries
Adams Co., Ohio
Habitat: This snake lives in forests or in fields adjacent to forests. They are usually found under logs and stones. They are very well adapted to burrowing through soft soil, with their pointy heads and beady eyes. They are most active after 3:00 PM. They feed mostly on soft-bodied insects and earthworms.
Breeding Activity: Mating occurs during April and May and eggs are deposited (between 2 and 5) in loose dirt or rotting logs in June or July. The eggs incubate for about 2 months.
Range: Worm snakes are common throughout West Virginia, though difficult to find because of their secretive nature.