Drug-free Schools Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act / Drug-Free Work Place Act Compliance It is the policy of Marshall University to comply with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities (Campuses) Act of 1989 and Federal Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. Coverage The entire University community, including students, faculty, staff, and visitors to the campus. Standards of Conduct The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession, or use of illicit drugs and alcohol on Marshall University property or as a part of any University function is prohibited. (b) Reporting to work, class, or any University function under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs is prohibited. Disciplinary Sanctions The University will impose disciplinary sanctions on students and employees consistent with local, State, and Federal laws for violation of the “Standards of conduct” outlined above. All persons should be aware that violations could result in expulsion from school, termination of employment, or referral for prosecution. Federal Trafficking Penalties include substantial fines and imprisonment up to life. West Virginia Sanctions depend on the classification of the controlled substance, the particular activity involved (possession or trafficking) and whether multiple convictions are involved. Under WV law, the most severe penalties for drug violations are for possession with intent to sell. On a first offense conviction, one may receive a fine of up to $25,000 and/or imprisonment for 15 years. Sanctions for violations of state alcohol laws vary according to the severity of the offense, with the minimum vehicular violation calling for imprisonment in the county jail for 24 hours, and a $500 fine. University Sanctions will be imposed consistent with procedures used in other disciplinary actions. Violations of drug and alcohol standards are the most serious type, and may result in sanctions up to expulsion from the University. Health Risks Substance abuse and drug dependency are problems of staggering size in our society today. They are the leading causes of preventable illness and injury in the United States, and are estimated to afflict over 25 million Americans. While alcoholism may develop in anyone, it tends to appear first between the ages of 20 and 40, and is more prevalent when a family history of alcohol abuse exists. Alcohol abuse is often characterized by one of three different patterns: (1) regular and daily use, (2) drinking large amounts of alcohol (binging) at specific or irregular times, or (3) periods of sobriety interspersed by periods of heavy drinking and intoxication. The disorder is progressive, and is usually fatal. If you recognize any tendencies toward alcohol abuse in yourself, your friends, or loved ones, please seek help as outlined below in the “Counseling and other assistance” section. Health risks of other drugs include: Narcotics (including opium, morphine, codeine, heroin and others). Physical addiction, loss of awareness, respiratory restriction, and possible death. Depressants (including barbiturates, Quaaludes, and others). Slurred speech, disorientation, shallow respiration coma likely with overdose. Stimulants (including cocaine, amphetamines, and others). Increased heart rate and blood pressure, possibly leading to death, increased excitation, loss of appetite. Hallucinogens (including LSD, “mushrooms,” PCP, mescaline, and others). Illusions and hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance, psychotic and unpredictable behavior, often leading to injury and arrest. Symptoms may reappear (flashback) some time after use. Cannabis (marijuana, hashish, THC, others). Unrealistic euphoria, diminished inhibitions, disoriented behavior, diminished motivation, increased pulse. Counseling and other Assistance Help is available on campus through Student Health Education Programs, 145 Prichard Hall, 696-4800. Services are free and confidential. An Alcoholics Anonymous group meets on campus and is open to all interested parties. Community resources are also available and can be accessed through the number listed above. The University will support the effort of any employee seeking assistance in a treatment program. Additional information related to employees may be found at http://www.marshall.edu/human-resources/files/downloads/2011/10/Drug-Free-Workplace-Policy.pdf.