Research Terms/Definitions – O

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OHRP:  Office of Human Research Protection – An administrative unit within the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The primary responsibility within the federal government is for developing and implementing the policies, procedures and regulations required to protect human subjects involved in research sponsored by HHS.

Oral History:  The Oral History Association defines oral history as “a method of gathering and preserving historical information through recorded interviews with participants in past events and ways of life.” Oral histories that are obtained solely for use on the oral history website would not be considered human subject research. 

ORO:  Office of Research Oversight – Serves as the primary VHA office in advising the Under Secretary for Health on all matters of compliance and assurance regarding human subjects protections, animal welfare, research safety, and research misconduct.