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American Elm

Elm (1)

References: The National Arbor Day Foundation

Signs Designed by Amanda Parsons, Natural Resources and Recreation Management student.

American Elm (Ulmus Americana)

American ElmThe American Elm is a deciduous tree, which means it looses its leaves during the winter months. The Elm can be found in the central and eastern United States. It has an average height of 60-90 feet and a trunk diameter of up to four feet. At one time the American Elm was one of America’s most abundant trees, but due to a fungus disease the American Elm was impacted greatly. It thrives in places where the disease is not present. The Elm prefers wetlands or other moist soil areas. It has shallow and extensive root system that can be seen above the surface at times.

The Elm tree has simple leaves with toothed edges that can vary from one to five inches in length. The tops of its leaves are rough to the touch, while the bottoms are smooth. During the autumn months the leaves will turn yellow, and eventually fall off during the autumn and early winter months.

The fruits of the American Elm can be found during the spring months in clusters. It has green seedpods that eventually turn tan. The American Elm’s bark is a dark grayish color with broad diamond shaped ridges.

The American Elm is thrives in urban conditions and makes for great shade tree. They are commonly found on sidewalks to give shade to the area. The elm is a favorite for reclamation projects because of its fast growth rates.


Report By: Grif Griffiths