Below are listings for lower and upper division courses offered through the Department of Physics. The authoritative source for course information is the Marshall University Catalog.

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### 100 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 101 – Conceptual Physics
- Introduces non-science majors to applications of physics in life. Emphasizes conceptual understanding of basic principles in classical and modern physics. Recommended for science students with no high school physics. 3 lec. (PR: MTH 121, or MTH 127, or MTH 130, or MTH 130E, or MTH 229, or MTH 203, or MTH 121B, or MTH 130H; CR: PHY 101L)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 101L – Conceptual Physics Lab
- A laboratory course designed to include the principles and applications of physics that are introduced in Physics 101. (CR: PHY 101)

*1 Credit Hours*

### 200 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 201 – College Physics I
- First half of an introduction to physics for life-science students, using algebra and vectors by triangles: force, energy, particle dynamics, rotation, fluids, waves, thermal phenomena. 3 hrs. lec. (PR: (MTH 127 and MTH 122), or (MTH 130 & MTH 122), or MTH 132, or (MTH 140 and MTH 122), or MTH 229 or (ACT 27 or higher and an additional math course either taken before or concurrently, such as MTH 127, MTH 130, MTh 140, MTH 229, or MTh 132); CR: PHY 202)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 202 – General Physics I Laboratory
- Laboratory to accompany PHY 201 or PHY 211, focusing on mechanics, concepts and applications. 2 hrs. lab (CR: PHY 201 or PHY 211).

*1 Credit Hours*

- PHY 203 – College Physics II
- Second half of an introduction to physics for students natural (life) sciences, using algebra and vectors by triangles; E&M fields, circuits; ray optics; interference; atoms; nuclei. 3 hrs. lec. (PR: a “C” or better is required in both PHY 201 and PHY 202 to proceed into PHY 203; CR: PHY 204).

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 204 – General Physics 2 Laboratory
- Laboratory to accompany PHY 203 or PHY 213, focusing on classical E&M, circuits, and optics. 2 hrs. lab (CR: PHY 203 or PHY 213).

*1 Credit Hours*

- PHY 211 – University Physics I
- First half of an introduction to physics for students of physical science or engineering, using calculus and vectors by components: foce, energy, particle dynamics, rotation, fluids, waves, thermodynamics. 4 hrs. lec. (CR: MTH 229 and PHY 202)

*4 Credit Hours*

- PHY 213 – University Physics II
- Second half of an introduction to physics for students of physical science or engineering, using calculus and vectors by components: E&M fields, circuits, ray optics, interference, atoms, nuclei. 4 hrs. lec. (PR: PR: MTH 229 and PHY 211 and a C or better is required in both PHY 211 and PHY 202 to proceed into PHY 213; CR: MTH 230 and PHY 204).

*4 Credit Hours*

- PHY 222 – Investigating the Universe
- A creative laboratory course designed to give students an opportunity to work with modern research equipment, with ample time to conduct experiments and/or investigate phenomena of their choosing. (PR: MTH 122, and MTH 127 or MTH 130; or MTH 132)

*2 Credit Hours*

### 300 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 300 – Electricity and Magnetism I
- A course including the study of electrostatics, magnetostatics, electromagnetic induction, introduction to Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and MTH 231)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 302 – Electricity and Magnetism II
- A study of Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves, radiation theory, optical phenomena, and electrodynamics. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 300)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 304 – Optics
- An intermediate course in geometrical and physical optics. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213; CR: pHY 405 or 505) See 405.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 308 – Thermal Physics
- A study of thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, and an introduction to statistical mechanics 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and MTH 231)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 314 – Electronic Physics
- A study of transistors, integrated circuits and their associated circuits. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and 204) See PHY 415.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 320 – Intro Modern Physics
- An introductory study of atomic and molecular theories, relativity, quantum theory, and nuclear physics. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and MTH 140 or MTH 230) See 421

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 330 – Mechanics
- An intermediate study of the fundamental principles of statics of particles and rigid bodies, momentum and energy, dynamics of particles, harmonic oscillations, and wave motion. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and MTH 231)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 350 – Biological Physics
- Physical principles underlying the mechanisms by which living organisms survive, adapt, and grow. Will enhance writing skills and strategies. 2 lec – 2 lab. (PR: PHY 203 or 213, and PHY 204)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 360 – Medical Physics
- Physics principles applied to devise methods for diagnostic and treatment of the human body. Will enhance writing skills and strategies. 2lec-2lab. (PR: PHY 203 or 213, and PHY 204)
*3 Credit Hours*

### 400 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 405 – Optics Laboratory
- A course in optical experiments encompassing geometrical and physical optics. This course is to be taken with Physics 304.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 415 – Electronics Laboratory
- A course in laboratory measurements encompassing transistors, integrated circuits, and their associated circuits. This course is to be taken with Physics 314.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 420 – Astrophysics
- A detailed study of core problems in Astrophysics such as orbital dynamics, radiation processes, stellar structure and evolution, galactic dynamics, and cosmology. Pre-reqs are PHY213 and MTH231.
*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 421 – Modern Physics Lab
- Laboratory exercises on modern physics topics encompassing both experiments of historic significance and current applications. To be taken with Physics 320, or equivalent.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 425 – Solid State Physics
- The course provides a broad introduction to the structure and physical properties of solids. It also serves as a basis for advanced courses in solid state and condensed matter physics. (CR/PR: PHY 320 or 442 or CHM 442)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 442 – Quantum Mechanics I
- A study of waves and particles, the Schrödinger and Heisenberg formulations, particles in potential fields, scattering and perturbation theories, and applications to atomic and nuclear structure. 3 lec. (PR: MTH 231 and PHY 330)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 443 – Quantum Mechanics II
- This is a second part of a two-semester introduction to quantum mechanics. Emphasis is on applications of quantum theory, including approximation techniques and the study of more realistic quantum systems. (CR/PR: PHY 442 or CHM 442)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 444 – Advanced Laboratory
- Quantum Mechanics experiments using single & entangled photons and Solid State experiments involving the study of superconductivity, forms of magnetism, the Hall effect, & Young’s modulus. (CR/PR: PHY 425 and 442)

2*Credit Hours*

- PHY 445 – Mathematical Methods of Physics I
- An introduction to theory of orthogonal functions, curvilinear coordinate systems, vector and tensor fields, and their applications in physics. Problems are drawn from different areas of physics. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203 or 213 and MTH 231 or permission)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 446 – Mathematical Methods of Physics II
- A second semester of a full-year course on methods of solving problems in physics: calculus of variations, ordinary and partial differential equations, and special functions with real physics problems. (PR: PHY 445)

*3 Credit Hours*

PHY 485-488 – Independent Study by permission of department chairman.

*Each 1 to 4 Credit Hours*

PHY 491 – CapstoneTo give a capstone expeience to physics majors in their junior or senior years by applying the principles of physics to the solution of real life problems. .

*1 to 2 Credit Hours*

PHY 492 – CapstoneTo give a capstone experience to physics majors in their junior or senior years by applying the principles of physics to the solution of real life problems. (PR: PHY 491)

*1 to 2 Credit Hours*

### 500 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 505 – Optics Laboratory
- A course in optical experiments encompassing geometrical and physical optics. This course is to be taken with Physics 304.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 515 – Electronics Laboratory
- A course in laboratory measurements encompassing transistors, integrated circuits, and their associated circuits. This course is to be taken with Physics 314.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 520 – Astrophysics
- A detailed study of core problems in Astrophysics such as orbital dynamics, radiation processes, stellar structure and evolution, galactic dynamics, and cosmology.
*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 521 – Modern Physics Laboratory
- Laboratory exercises on modern physics topics encompassing both experiments of historic significance and current applications. To be taken with Physics 320, or equivalent.

*2 Credit Hours*

- PHY 525 – Solid State Physics
- The purpose of the course is to provide a broad introduction to the structures and physical properties of solids, which are of extraordinary importance in the modern world.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 542 – Quantum Mechanics I
- Alternate years. Mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics, particles in potential fields, perturbation theory and other approximation methods, scattering, applications to simple systems. 3 lec. (REC: PHY 331 and MTH 335 or equivalent)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 543 – Quantum Mechanics II
- This is the second part of a two-semester introduction to quantum mechanics. Emphasis is on application of quantum theory including approximation techniques and the study of more realistic quantum systems. (PR: PHY 442/542)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 544 – Advanced Laboratory
- Quantum Mechanics experiments using single & entangled photons and Solid State experiments involving the study of superconductivity, forms of magnetism, the Hall effect, & Young’s modulus. (CR/PR: PHY 425 and 442)

2*Credit Hours*

- PHY 545 – Mathematical Methods of Physics
- Offered on demand. An introduction to the theory of orthogonal functions, curvilinear coordinate systems, vector and tensor fields and their applications in Physics. Problems are drawn from different areas of physics. 3 lec. (PR: PHY 203)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 546 – Mathematical Methods of Physics II
- A second semester of a full year course on methods of solving problems in physics: calculus of variations, ordinary partia l differential equations and special functions with real physics problems. (PR: PHY 545)

*3 Credit Hours*

PHY 585-588 – Independent Study

* Each 1 to 4 Credit Hours*

### 600 Level Physics Courses

- PHY 600 – Electricity and Magnetism
- A study of electrostatics and associated boundary-value problems, electric multipoles and macroscopic media, dielectrics, magnetostatics, time varying fields, Maxwell equations and conservation laws, plane electromagnetic waves and wave propagation.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 608 – Statistical Mechanics
- The course introduces thermodynamics and statistical mechanics to graduate students of physics and other science and engineering disciplines as two complimentary approaches to study physical properties of systems in equilibrium. (PR: Permission of instructor)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 610 – Special and General Relativity
- General relativity, the classical theory of one of the four fundamental forces, is not a standard course offering. This course of Special and General Relativity intends to fill this gap by introducing the key concepts that lead to a revolution in our understanding of space and time. The students will learn about space time curvature, metrics, geodesics, black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology. (PR: Permission of instructor)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 620 – Modern Astrophysics I
- Modern astrophysics is firmly grounded in the fundamental principles of physics and will offer students the opportunity to use the physics they have learned in understanding the nature of the universe. This course provides a graduate-level introduction to astrophysics, focusing on stellar structure and evolution. (PR: Permission of instructor)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 625 – Condensed Matter Physics
- This course studies complex phenomena that occur in solids and quantum liquids, and exposes the students to some theoretical tools used to describe the basic interactions behind these phenomena. (PR: Permission of instructor)

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 630 – Classical Mechanics
- Study of variational principles and Lagrange’s equations, the two-body central force problem, the kinematics and dynamics of rigid-body motion, Hamilton’s equations of motion, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, and small oscillations.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 645 – Methods of Mathematical Physics
- This course will review and develop theories of real and complex analysis, group theory, tensors, special functions, differential and integral transforms, emphasizing their application to electrodynamics, quantum, statistical mechanics, etc.

*3 Credit Hours*

- PHY 682 – Thesis Research
- (PR: Graduate status and approval of advisor)

*Each 1 to 6 Credit Hours*

- PHY 685-686 – Independent Study in Physics
- Advanced independent study in physics. (PR: specific to course)

*3 Credit Hours*